Dental One Associates at Beltway
7650 Belair Road, Baltimore, MD 21236

Glossary of Dental Terms

Abscess

An infection in a tooth, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation.

 

Abutment

Tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.

 

Adhesive Dentistry

Process in which composite resin is adhered to the existing enamel of a tooth. This can be used to repair or improve the appearance of a tooth.

 

Allergy

An abnormal reaction of the body to a drug or foreign substance.

 

Anesthesia

General or local insensibility to pain, induced by certain interventions or drugs to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedures.

 

Anterior Teeth

The six upper and lower front teeth. These consist of incisors and cuspids.

 

Bicuspid or pre-molar

Any of eight teeth located in pairs on each side of the upper and lower jaws between the cuspids and molars.

 

Bonding

A procedure for restoring the discolored or damaged surface of a tooth by coating it with composite resin that adheres to the existing enamel.

 

Bridge

An artificial replacement of a missing tooth or teeth, attached by cement or composite resin to natural teeth or roots adjacent to the space.

 

Crown

1.             The part of a tooth that is covered by enamel and not covered by gum tissue.

2.             An artificial substitute, as of gold or porcelain, which entirely covers the anatomical crown of a tooth

 

Cuspid or canine

The four pointed or conical teeth also commonly known as ‘eyeteeth’.

 

DDS

Doctor of Dental Surgery

 

Dentin

Hard tissue that forms the inner layer of the structure of a tooth and is situated beneath the surface enamel

 

Dental implant

A metal screw (often titanium) that is surgically anchored in the gums or jawbone to support a dental appliance or replace a missing tooth.

 

Denture

An artificial replacement of some or all of the natural teeth

 

Disease of the gums

Periodontal disease (also called “Gum Disease” or “Periodontal Disease”) involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. If not removed, plaque builds up on the teeth and ultimately irritates the gums and causes bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss. More than 75 percent of Americans over 35 have some form of gum disease.

 

DMD

Doctor of Dental Medicine

 

Enamel

The hard layer covering of the crown of a tooth.

 

Endodontics

The area of dentistry concerned with the treatment of the dental pulp or nerve of the tooth.

 

Endodontists

Endodontists are dentists who have additionally 2-3 years of training following dental school and typically limit their practice to root canal therapy and root canal surgery. Very often Endodontists earn a graduate degree (Master’s degree) as well as specialized certified training. While some Dentists perform root canals themselves, generally Dentists will refer a patient requiring Endodontics to a trained Endodontist.

 

Filling

A substance, such as metal, porcelain or resin, that is used to replace lost tooth structured caused by decay.

 

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums.

 

Halitosis

Bad breath

 

Incisors

The four front teeth in either the upper or lower jaw.

 

Malocclusion

Faulty contact between the upper and lower teeth, causing these teeth to be misaligned.

 

Mandible

The lower jaw

 

Maxilla

The upper jaw

 

Molars

Teeth for grinding food, located in the back of the mouth on either side.

 

Nerve (root) canal

Hollow passage inside of a tooth, inhabited by nerve tissue.

 

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases or injuries upper jaw or face.

 

Oral Surgeon

An Oral Surgeon (“Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon” or OMFS) first receive their training in dentistry and then continue further specialization in treating the areas of the mouth, jaws and the face as well as associated structures. While Oral Surgeons often additionally go on to study medicine and may go so far to take a Medical Degree (MD), a medical degree is not required for an OMFS to practice. Oral & maxillofacial surgery is universally recognized as a one of the nine specialties of dentistry.

 

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that involved the treatment of improper bites (“malocclusions”) making use of a variety of devises, most commonly, braces, to move teeth or adjust underlying bone. The word comes from the Greek words ortho meaning straight and odons meaning tooth.

 

Orthodontist

Orthodontists first complete 4 years of dental school training (DDS). Orthodontists additionally complete 2-3 of residency training focused on the specific treatment and realignment of misaligned teeth with devises including braces, retainers and other methods.

 

Overbite

Condition in which the upper incisors overlap the lower ones.

 

Pediatric Dentistry

The practice of dentistry on children.

 

Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric Dentists (or Pediodontists) study an additional 2 years in a residency program following their graduation from dental school. As specified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Pediatric Dentists study advanced diagnostic and surgical procedures, along with child psychology and clinical management, oral pathology, child-related pharmacology, radiology, child development, management of oral/facial trauma, care for patients with special needs, conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

 

Periodontics/Periodontist

Periodontists typically study for an additional 3 years following dental school. During their clinical training, Periodontists are involved in learning both the treatment, as well as prevention techniques for periodontal diseases. Periodontists may also study advanced surgical techniques such as periodontal plastic surgery, and dental implant placement.According to the American Academy of Periodontology there are currently 52 institutions offer advanced training programs in periodontics in the United States

 

Periodontal Disease(also known as Periodontics)

Periodontal disease, also called “gum disease”, involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. When plaque builds up on the teeth, it can result in gum irritation and possibly bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss

 

Plaque

Deposit of saliva, food and bacteria that accumulates on the teeth in the from of a whitish, sticky substance.

 

Prosthodontics

The area of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth or jaw structures by bridges, dentures, or other artificial devices.

 

Prosthodontist

Specialist who must complete dental training (DDS) and then continue for an additional 3 years of specialty training in the area of prosthodontics (i.e. implants, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry). Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics

 

Root

The embedded portion of a tooth that connects it to the jaw.

 

Root Canal

The space inside the root of the tooth. This space contains the pulp.

Also, this is the term commonly used for root canal therapy, a procedure in which the nerve and tissues are removed from the canal and replaced with filling material.

 

Splint

Means of securing one or more loose teeth to one or more healthy, secure teeth.

 

 

Tartar

Calculus on the teeth; a hard, yellowish substance that attracts plaque.

 

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint syndrome and TMJ joint disorders are medical problems related to the jaw joint. The TMJ connects the lower jaw to the skull.

 

Veneer

A thin layer of plastic or porcelain applied to the outside of the tooth for aesthetic purposes.

 

Wisdom Teeth

Third molars; the last teeth to appear in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 18 and 25. They are so called because they appear later in life when a person is physically mature.

 

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
I like the dental assistant i had. She told me everything she was going 2 do n is a very caring person. Same 4 the dentist.
Andrea W.
These guys are the best!!! I would highly recommend them. Very nice, made me feel comfortable even though the reason I was there was because I hadn't […]
Karen K.
Great Place!
Jerryn P.
I had a root canal done. The procedure wasn't very pleasant but the staff was great. They were very friendly and comforting. I really like it there […]
Mackenzie T.
As always, the entire staff went out of their way to make my visit comfortable. Dr. Patel continues to provide outstanding treatment. He is […]
Laura D.
Carrie keisha and dr reedy are great !
Robert K.
The staff are always courteous and I never have to wait.
Pamela W.
I love the new dentist, I think she does excellent work. The girls who answer the phones are always very friendly and helpful.
Sharon W.
I really like it there. I don't ever plan on going to another dentist. I always feel welcomed there. They comfort me during procedures. Great […]
Mackenzie T.
People were considerate and thoughtful, the surgery was successful and I was pleased with everyone.
Jack R.
The staff was pleasant. The dentist was kind and I believe highly qualified.
Karen C.
I am pleased with my last visit and the staff.
Marguerite T.
I love my dentist. The experience there is not bad at all. I hate needles, but my dentist makes things a lot less painful. The best thing I like […]
Gale L.
I have a fear of the dentist and everyone there made it tolerable.
Meagan F.
Dr.Gregorian did a great job,trying a filling,instead of going right to a root canal,and it seems this option is working.Thank you.
Al S.
I hàd a tooth pulled with no problem's
Karen C.
A very nice dentist office, so far so good.
Rainette M.
As always, the office members and medical staff super effective and superbly personable!
Patrick B.
Great Job as always by all of your Staff!
George D.
Very friendly, comfortable and overall pleasant
Daniel W.
I love it. Staff always punctual with appointments, professional and friendly.
Artrendolyn G.
I'm not going to say enjoyable but everyone was very professional and I am feeling much better,actually I am referring my sister to your office thank […]
Barbara P.
I didn't have to wait at all. I was taken right away. I had 2 fillings done. My fillings feel a little sharp and they have been irratating my tongue. […]
James H.
Great service. Friendly staff. Wonderful place.
Deborah N.
The staff is ALWAYS amazing!!! Shannon, Amanda, Barbara and Laura all make my visits exceptional. You definitely have assets in them!!!
Candace S.
Outstanding!! From the customer service skills to the talent and professionalism of the staff!! I hardly wait when I have an appt and I'm in and […]
Kimberley P.
Very nice people, very professional.
Larry T.
Always a great experience!! Friendly faces and never have to wait!!
Kimberley P.
very professional, satisfied w/ care.
James H.
everyone is always so very nice
Gregory S.
The staff was courteous and professional. I enjoyed my visit and I would recommend this establishment to anyone who is looking for a good dentist.
Cynthia B.
The hygentist made me feel very at ease with the percedure.
Regina M.
very friendly, will answer any question to help make your decision an informed decision.
Deborah G.
The service provided by the ladies was the best
Charlena J.
Quick efficient and painless.
James L.
crown prep painless and fast
Keiver J.
Best dental experience ever! Professional and courteous --office staff & doctors.
Dionitra H.
Everyone is friendly, accomodating. Dentist was patient while using novocaine and with my nervousness. Procedure went well. Dentist is very […]
Karen C.
Everything was great Lara does a great jo, Thanks
Michae C.
The staff was extremely courteous and friendly. The doctors expertise showed through his explanation. I highly recommend this practice they are […]
John S.
Thank you Dr. Patel and Devon...you really made my visit pain tolerable!!!
Beverly W.
I have had the best experience with the Beltway-Dental One Associates. The office staff are friendly and accommodating. Dr. Gringoryan and her staff […]
Elizabeth F.
I was treated very well considering the condition of my teeth. Dentist and his assistant made me feel great that their is hope that I can smile again […]
Gregory S.
My experience with Dr. Patal, his assistants and the staff; have always been great. Of course, like many I'm not a big fan of the dentist. They […]
Glenda B.
I'm not afraid to get my sensitive teeth cleaned again. The dentist numbed my gums. 5stars!
Andrea W.
Great experience. Painless and quick.
Vincent S.
The dental hygienist took great care making me feel at ease
John P.
Meeting Dr. Patel for the first time was a great experience. I was a little apprehensive at first because I have had several different dentists since […]
Deborah G.
It was awesome!!!!!
Chaquoia B.
As usual, my visit was pleasant and the staff was courteous and friendly.
Kathleen G.
Office Hours
Mon. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Tue. – 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Fri. – 7:00 AM - 3:00 PM
Sat. – Closed
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (410) 775-5536
Fax: (410) 661-5055
Healthcare Financing with
CareCredit
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

For appointments, call us at: (410) 775-5536 or
Request an Appointment
For appointments, call: (410) 775-5536
Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Friday 7:00 AM - 3:00 PM
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (410) 775-5536
Our Location